Assam which is one of the naturally endowed place suiting the wild life, enriched with flora and fauna. Now-a-days these animals and birds are losing their habitat and becoming endangered species. The environmentalist fears that the great adjutant storks (locally called Hargilla) are on the verge of extinction.
The reason behind this being the following:
-increase in human habitat
-lack of awareness for the necessity of the giant bird
With the increase in human population, the human habitat expanded along with urbanization and industrialization. As the land available is limited, so inorder to expand the human habitat the wildlife habitat was disturbed. This caused destruction of various trees that possesses nests of various birds. This was one of the major reasons for stork to be classified under the endangered species.
As man started disturbing the nature, the climate, the nature also changed thereby affecting such species. Thereby there was loss in wetlands, habitat and food for the stork. As these wetlands got dried, the land was used for dumping the garbage. The dumped garbage was exposed to various critical conditions due to which it started giving foul smells. The foul smell started to spread with the wind to the surrounding places where people lived. This caused problems to the nearby people causing uneasiness, which made them to clear off the place. Now these clean places get occupied by various building contractors inorder to build more houses. By doing so, the birds lose the habitat.
It was found that, the birds normally build its nest on Simulu trees that are found mostly in North of Guwahati across the river Brahmaputra, which lies in the areas of Satgaon and Mandakatta.
It was observed that the stork population is reducing every year. Its population year wise was--in 2002-288, 2003-203, 2004-233, 2005- 247, 2006- 167, 2007- 118, 2008-147 , 2009- 147 and 2010-113. If we don’t take any action within few years we won’t be able to find any stork.
All we have to do is spread the awareness about such endangered species. We have to act in such a way that no living habitat on this globe should be affected. We have to act together to save our earth and natural resources.